Your body undergoes many physical and hormonal changes during pregnancy. The way you feed your body during this time affects your health and that of your baby. You must maintain a healthy and balanced diet to stay healthy throughout your pregnancy. The food you eat is the main source of food for your baby, so it is important to eat nutritious foods. Good nutrition can help promote the growth and development of your baby.
Your calorie requirement depends on your weight gain goals. Most women need at least 300 calories a day during the last six months of pregnancy before pregnancy. Remember that not all calories are the same. Your baby needs healthy foods that contain nutrients, not “empty calories,” like soft drinks, sweets, and desserts.
Although you should take care not to eat more than you need for a healthy pregnancy, be careful not to restrict your diet during pregnancy. If you do not get the calories you need, your baby may not get the right amounts of protein, vitamins, and minerals. Low-calorie diets can break the stored fat of a pregnant woman. This can cause your body to produce ketones. Ketones can be found in the blood and urine of the mother and are a sign of starvation. The constant production of ketones can lead to a mentally weak child.
Most foods are safe for pregnant women and their babies. But you should be careful or do not eat certain foods. Follow these instructions:
Clean, treat, cook and cool foods to prevent food-borne illnesses such as listeriosis and toxoplasmosis.
- Wash your hands with soap after touching dirt or raw meat.
- Prevent raw meat, poultry, and seafood from touching other foods or surfaces.
- Cook the meat thoroughly.
- Wash the product before eating.
- Rinse the appliance with hot water and soap.
- Chilled smoked seafood such as whitefish, salmon, and mackerel
- Hot dogs or sausages, unless they are hot
- Meat products cooled
- Unpasteurized milk or juice
- Salads prepared in the store, such as chicken, eggs or tuna salad
- Unpasteurized sweet cheese, such as unpasteurized feta, brie, cottage cheese, cream cheese and blue cheese
- sharks, swordfish, giant mackerel or tortoises (also known as golden or white snappers); These fish have a high mercury content.
- Over 6 ounces per week Albacore tuna (yellowfin tuna)
- Herbs and plants used as medicines without the consent of your doctor. The safety of herbal and herbal therapies is not always known. Some herbs and plants can be harmful during pregnancy, such as bitter melon (Karela), noni juice and green papaya.
- Raw sprouts of all kinds (including alfalfa, clover, radish and mung beans)
The best Activity for Mom
Low-impact activities with moderate effort are comfortable and enjoyable for many pregnant women. Walking, swimming, dancing, cycling, and aerobics are just a few examples. These sports are also easy to use, even if they are new in terms of fitness.
Some more intense sports are safe for some pregnant women who have done so before pregnancy. If you are jogging, exercising or lifting weights, you may proceed with the approval of your doctor.
Keep these points in mind when choosing a fitness plan:
- Avoid activities that can lead to abdominal shocks such as kickboxing, football, basketball or ice hockey.
- Stay away from activities you may fall into, such as horse riding, downhill skiing, and gymnastics.
- Do not dive during pregnancy? When diving, the baby’s blood can cause gas bubbles, which can cause many health problems.
Which Medicine will you Use?
You and your baby are connected. Medications you use, including over-the-counter medications, herbs, and prescription medications or supplements, can also enter your baby’s body. Many medications and herbs are known to cause problems during pregnancy, including congenital malformations. For some medications, we do not know much about how they might affect pregnancy or fetal development. This is because drugs are rarely tested in pregnant women for fear of the fetus. But multivitamin is not risky so woman can take multivitamin during pregnancy, say researchers
Potential mothers may wonder whether it is safe to take medication during pregnancy. There is no clear answer to this question. Your doctor can help you choose a medicine. Prescription and over-the-counter labels contain information that will help you and your doctor make a decision. In the future, a new prescription label will make it easier for women and their physicians to assess the benefits and risks of prescription drugs during pregnancy.
Always talk to your doctor before taking or stopping a medicine. Using the medications you need may be more harmful to you and your baby than taking the medications.
Consideration of Benefits and Risks
When you decide to use a drug during pregnancy, you and your doctor should discuss the benefits of the drug and the risks.
- Benefits: What good things can the drug do for me and my growing baby?
- Risks: How can the medicine harm me or my growing baby?
There may be times during pregnancy when the use of medications is an option. For example, if you have a cold, you may choose to live with your nose stuffy instead of using the “stuffy nose” medication you use when you are not pregnant.
At other times during pregnancy, the use of medications is not an option, it is necessary. For example, you may need to use medications to control an existing health problem such as asthma, diabetes, depression, or seizures. Or you may need a medication for a few days, such as an antibiotic to treat a bladder infection or a sore throat. In addition, some women have a pregnancy problem that requires medical treatment. These problems include severe nausea and vomiting, premature pregnancy loss or premature delivery.
Use of herbal or dietary supplements and other “natural” products
You may think that herbs are safe because they are “natural”. But with the exception of some vitamins, little is known about the use of herbal or nutritional supplements during pregnancy. Some labels of herbal remedies say they will help with pregnancy. However, there are usually no good studies that show if these statements are true or if the grass can harm you or your baby. In addition, certain herbs that are harmless when used in small amounts as food may be harmful when used in large quantities as medicines. Talk to your doctor before using any herbal or dietary supplements or natural products. These products may contain things that could hurt you or your baby.